8. Contributing disciplines to the Organisational Behaviour field

Organizational behaviour is an applied behavioural science that is built upon contributions from a number of behavioural disciplines. The predominant areas are psychology, sociology, social psychology, anthropology, and political science

 

Psychology

-          Psychology is the science that seeks to measure, explain, and sometimes change the behaviour of humans and other animals.

-          To use psychological and organizational theory and research to improve organizational effectiveness and the work life of all individuals. 

-          psychologists concern themselves with studying and attempting to understand individual behaviour

-          learning, perception, personality, emotions, training, leadership effectiveness, needs and motivational forces, job satisfaction, decision-making process, performance appraisals, attitude measurement, employee selection techniques, work design and job stress

 

Sociology

-          Sociologists study the social system in which individuals fill their roles

-          Sociology studies people in relation to their fellow human beings to improve organizational performance.

-          Study of group behaviour in organisations, group dynamics, design of work teams, organisational culture, formal organisational theory and structure, organisational technology, communications, power and conflict

 

Social psychology

-          An area within psychology that blends concepts from psychology and sociology and that focuses on the influence of people on one another.

-          Major area: change – how to implement it and how to reduce barriers to its acceptance

-          Study areas: measuring, understanding and changing attitudes, communication patters, building trust, the ways in which group activities can satisfy individual needs, group decision-making processes

 

Anthropology

-          The study of societies to learn about human beings and their activities.

-          Study on culture and environment has helped us understand differences in fundamental values, attitudes, and behaviour between people in different countries and within different organisations

 

Political science

-          The study of the behaviour of individuals and groups within a political environment

-          Study areas: structuring of conflicts, allocations of power, how people manipulate power for individual self-interest

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~ by changeminor on October 2, 2008.

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