8. Contributing disciplines to the Organisational Behaviour field

Organizational behaviour is an applied behavioural science that is built upon contributions from a number of behavioural disciplines. The predominant areas are psychology, sociology, social psychology, anthropology, and political science



          Psychology is the science that seeks to measure, explain, and sometimes change the behaviour of humans and other animals.

          To use psychological and organizational theory and research to improve organizational effectiveness and the work life of all individuals. 

          psychologists concern themselves with studying and attempting to understand individual behaviour

          learning, perception, personality, emotions, training, leadership effectiveness, needs and motivational forces, job satisfaction, decision-making process, performance appraisals, attitude measurement, employee selection techniques, work design and job stress



          Sociologists study the social system in which individuals fill their roles

          Sociology studies people in relation to their fellow human beings to improve organizational performance.

          Study of group behaviour in organisations, group dynamics, design of work teams, organisational culture, formal organisational theory and structure, organisational technology, communications, power and conflict


Social psychology

          An area within psychology that blends concepts from psychology and sociology and that focuses on the influence of people on one another.

          Major area: change – how to implement it and how to reduce barriers to its acceptance

          Study areas: measuring, understanding and changing attitudes, communication patters, building trust, the ways in which group activities can satisfy individual needs, group decision-making processes



          The study of societies to learn about human beings and their activities.

          Study on culture and environment has helped us understand differences in fundamental values, attitudes, and behaviour between people in different countries and within different organisations


Political science

          The study of the behaviour of individuals and groups within a political environment

          Study areas: structuring of conflicts, allocations of power, how people manipulate power for individual self-interest


~ by changeminor on October 2, 2008.

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